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What's Going on in the Water Saving World?
Everyday is important to think about saving water. It's something that effects us all on a daily basis. It happens in the US, Asia, and Africa - all across the world. People have to think about ways to save water, or prevent droughts. With that being said we want to cover some of these topics and provide more information about not only what's going on here in the US where we're bases but also across the World. We all inhabit this Mother Earth and draw from the same rivers. We are a global website and would love to hear from you about these topics as well. So read below to see what going on in the World...
Why and how is Cape Town Running out of water you ask? Well the South African city will be shutting off the taps to 4 million people because the future has too little drinkable water. This just might be the worst drought in the World. The cut off date is set for July 15 2018 but was originally set for February 2nd then May 15th. The date has continually been pushed back with help of the residents using conservation measures that have conserved water for months. Hopefully with this in mind, the city will continue to save the measures needed to conserve the water they desperately need. 

By the summer if things do not increase, the cut off date will become a sad realization for the people in the city of Cape Town- one of Africa's most affluent metropolises. Fighting for the most important thing we all need, their residents will have to stand in line surrounded by guards for their portioned amount of water. With population growth and a recent high record of drought from the immense climate change, South Africa's city will have to face the truth of "Day Zero". Thewaterskloof Dam is the cities main source of water and is running low to almost non existent. A shutdown like this was never fathomed but is quickly coming to a true reality 

For month citizens were urged to use less but were not listening to the warnings. After being ignored, the city asked residents to consume just 50 liters per day- less than 1/6 of what the average American uses. Day zero will come quicker if residents do not make a change and only be allowed to use 4 minutes of showering a day (25 liters a day). 

"I'm not sure if we'll be able to avert Day Zero," says Kevin Winter, lead researcher at an urban water group at the University of Cape Town. "We're using too much water, and we can't contain it. It's tragic."

Says David Olivier, a research fellow at the Global Change Institute at South Africa's University of the Witwatersrand, "The fundamental problem is the kind of lifestyle we're living. There's almost a sense of entitlement that we have a right to consume as much as we want. The attitude and reaction of most posts on social media is indignation. It's 'we pay our taxes' and therefore we should be as comfortable as possible.”

If things don't change here sooner than later and right now; this town will be in a drought like no one has ever seen before. And the consequences could be felt around the world. Droughts have sparked around the World in rural areas and climate change has caused disasters all over the World. We as a human of the World need to take heed to these warnings and start doing our part everyday. Reports are saying that some cities will run out of water in less than a decade and others in a couple of months. Don't let your city be next. Make your contribution to saving water in your home, town, and state before it's too late!  

Cape Town, Africa - Running out of Water for 4 Million People 
Months After the Hurricane: Where does P.R. Stand?
The people of Puerto Rico are not only amazing but resistant. Flooding waters covering the island and Puerto Ricans without power or running water for weeks; still working through the hard parts and surviving - you have to respect the resilience of the people of the island. 

Directing water from a cave spring to drinking water containers in Corozal to Dorado the water crisis of finding drinking water has been tough. Months now after the hurricane, surrounded by damaged infrastructure, P.R. has basically been forgotten about in the headlines. Sadly the history of the islands underlying geography and history of poor investments in the water system have induced the long tern contamination a serious problem. What researchers are finding now is that under the coast of P.R. lies karst aquifer, a geologic formation of limestone where over time rain will dissolve that rock into tiny fractures, streaming rivulets, and giant caves. When it rains that maze of space collects and store generous amounts of supplies of water. "It's highly complex and very difficult to simulate." say professor of water resources engineering at the University of Puerto Rico.  

Granted the natural water sources; some are drinkable and others are not due the contaminants and pollutants as industries grow on the island. This danger is compounded by P.R. systems of pipes, pumping stations, and treatment plants, which has registered more drinking water violations than any other state in the territory of the U.S. as reported in 2017. Close to 70% of the population gets water from sources with violations for federal health standard. Granted the top ranking officials make 750,000 a year and prior to the Hurricane Maria have no even tried to address the issue. 

When the hurricane came and exploded on the island - these issues only grew from large to enormous. Direct and dramatic impact is growing on already existing problems across the island. Some of the work on the ongoing groundwater contamination is to measure contaminants in the water people use, and to see if they have any connection to preterm births and a widespread problem in the territory. But when she and collegues first thought to start sampling that water after the hurricane, they found roads blocked and cars commandeered by federal authorities. Even when they were able to make it to test sites, it was often impossible pump water from the usual sources. "There were limitation on what we were able to do," says Padilla "We finally were able to start sampling after a month." Clearly the hurricane had an impact on the island’s water quality in the short term, but Padilla is interested in its far-reaching impacts as well. “The impact by chemicals is generally longer term,” she says. “You’re not going to see that the next day.” The influx of floodwater could also have diluted the contaminants that had been a problem in the past. Those levels could be quick to return.

Now that conditions on the islands are finally starting to improve—Padilla got electricity back only in the past couple of weeks, she says—researchers are starting to think about their next steps. Another group is planning to work with local nonprofits and schools to sample water supplies around four other Superfund sites, including a battery-recycling facility and a naval training center, contaminated by munitions tests, in order to identify new risks of exposure.

In the first months after the storm, even the EPA had trouble accessing all the Superfund sites on the island—24 in total—but as of February the agency says it has assessed every one and found no major spills associated with the storm. Returning to the status quo, though, is far from ideal. Even before the storm Puerto Rico needed more than $2 billion to fix up its water infrastructure, and now the island needs billions more just to rebuild. 

SOURCE: <https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/puerto-rico-hurricane-water-contamination>
PepsiCo will Expand its' Safe Water Program in 2018
Clean Water is a necessity. Almost just as important as air. With population growth happening in exponential numbers, the Global population is around 4 billion people. With the effects of climate change and growing populations as well as access to water becoming a problem for many rural areas, the traveling time some villagers have to take is over 10 miles. Water scarcity conditions have led to violence and conflict in Africa, Southern Asia, and the Middle East. More recently the Syrian conflict was triggered by years-long drought. 

"Almost 300,000 children under the age of five die every year from diarrheal diseases caused by dirty water. That's almost 800 children a day, or one child every two minutes.

By 2050, global demand for water will increase by as much as 50%, mostly in developing countries in Asia and Africa. At the same time, food production will need to increase by 70% to feed a growing and more prosperous population that will top 10 billion.

America, too, is struggling with clean water issues, especially with our inability to address the degrading infrastructures that support drinking water, sewer, energy and wastewater treatment."

With more than 70% of the World's Largest businesses face water risk according to the 2015 World Health Organization says that for every $1 spent, there's a $4 return on investment. At this point. it's in the interest of the business - it would be a self-interest to address the issue. Mind you not, Flint, Michigan is still an issue with no clean water access. Luckily Proter & Gamble and Nestle' are have created programs to better serve under developed communities. 

"The latest company to increase their role is also one of the biggest. PepsiCo is expanding its program of global sustainability to provide access to safe drinking water to nearly 16 million people in some of the world’s most water-stressed areas, well on its way to meet their goal of 25 million people by 2025.

‘At PepsiCo, we believe water is a fundamental human right and that access to safe water is one of the most urgent global challenges,’ said Roberta Barbieri, PepsiCo Vice President of Global Sustainability. ‘As part of our Performance with Purpose agenda, we have created a holistic global water strategy. Our efforts are designed to enable long-term, sustainable water security for our business and others who depend on water availability. Our work to provide safe water access in the world's most at-water-risk areas is a key part of this strategy.’

Partnering with NGOs like the Safe Water Network, Water.org, WaterAid, China Women’s Development Foundation, Inter-American Development Bank, Nature Conservancy and the 2030 Water Resources Group of the World Bank, PepsiCo is trying to help communities effectively conserve, manage, and distribute water across the United States, Latin America, China and India through strategic grants, now totaling over $40 million, and through employee volunteering and community service.

Binan Devi, 30, collects clean water from the new handpump in Kauthiya Kewal Panchayat, Bihar, India provided, in part by PepsiCo’s clean water programs.WATERAID/POULOMI BASU

Last month, PepsiCo granted $4.2 million to WaterAid and a $2 million grant to the China Women’s Development Foundation’s ‘Water Cellars for Mothers’ initiative to provide access to safe water to more than 10 million people near the Danjiangkou Water Reservoir where small water sources are often contaminated.

PepsiCo has worked with the Nature Conservancy to protect several watersheds in America, including Arizona’s Verde Valley. Last year, PepsiCo’s support provided over a million gallons of water to be replenished in the Verde River. At the same time, the company scaled up their water recharge projects in India, creating a total recharge potential of more than a billion gallons across seven states impacting more than 60,000 people.

A Fortune 500 company, PepsiCo products like Gatorade, Pepsi-Cola, Quaker, and Tropicana are used by over a billion people each day in more than 200 countries, generating over $60 billion in revenue each year. The company believes that their success is inextricably linked to the sustainability of the world at large.

All of this is captured in PepsiCo’s Sustainability Report, released this morning. The company’s CEO, Indra Nooyi, puts it this way, ‘Our aspiration of creating a good company — good ethically and good commercially — is now coming to fruition, yielding a broader, more lasting impact than we could have ever imagined. We’ve earned the prestigious Stockholm Industry Water Award, became the first company to voluntarily remove trans fats from our products, have been transitioning to an all-electric delivery fleet, developed the first 100% compostable chip bag, and have reduced our waste to landfill by 95% through reuse, recycling or waste-to-energy.’

In sustainability, PepsiCo is working towards having 100% their farming suppliers meet the standards of their Sustainable Farming Program (79% do now), and has vowed to reduce their net greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2030. And 85% of their packaging worldwide is recyclable, compostable or biodegradable.

Not bad for a company that has outperformed the S&P 500 by double digits for the last 20 years.

While it is strange to think of large companies taking on many of the roles we consider the job of governments, like protecting the environment and providing people with basic needs like clean water, the more companies that do, the better the world will be.